The concept of justice and safety is inherent in the UAE's government system and it is considered as a fundamental part of the UAE's Constitution and effective governance.
Article 14 of the Constitution provides that equality, social justice, safety, security and equal opportunities for all citizens shall be the pillars of the society.
For more provision of justice and safety in the UAE's Constitution, refer to Articles 16, 19, 21, 25 to 36, 40 and 41.
Full text of the UAE's Constitution can be found in English on the legislations portal and the MoJ mLegislation app (available on iTunes and Android).
Application of laws
The UAE has adopted a codified system of laws, which is transparent and protects the rights of all individuals. The UAE’s Constitution includes the following provisions:
- All persons shall be equal before the law. No discrimination shall be practised between citizens of the Union by reason of race, nationality, religious belief or social position.
- No person may be arrested, searched, detained or imprisoned, except in accordance with the provisions of the law. No man shall be subjected to torture or any other form of indignity.
- No punishment shall be imposed for any act of commission or act of omission, which was completed before the issue of the law providing for such punishment.
- Punishment shall be applied to the accused person only. An accused shall be deemed innocent until he has been convicted by means of a legal and just trial. The accused shall have the right to appoint a person who shall conduct his defence during the trial. Physical and mental abuse of an accused person shall be prohibited.
For more information, read articles 25-28 and 44 of the UAE Constitution.
The correctional facilities in the UAE observe human rights and serve as rehabilitation facilities. The UAE implements the Standard Minimum Rules for the treatment of prisoners (SMR) in punitive and correctional institutions nationwide.
The facilities are subject to random visits from human rights' departments and public prosecutors. They inspect every part of the prison and have private interviews with the inmates. Convicts are segregated according to their crimes.
Inmates receive their full rights in rehabilitation, medical care, nutrition, communicating with their families and their lawyers.
Rehabilitation of prisoners
Rehabilitation forms a key element of the correctional strategy in the UAE. The government offers work readiness programme for UAE national inmates. The programme is operated by Higher Colleges of Technology, available to inmates who have only a year or two remaining of their sentence. The programme offers training for prisoners and employment opportunities when they complete their sentences.
For more information, refer to the links below from The National:
Updated on 14 May 2020