Hazardous waste is defined as the waste or ashes resulting from different operations and activities that involve hazardous material, as mentioned in the Federal Law No. 24 of 1999 on the Protection and Development of the Environment.
The UAE has been a member state of the Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal (PDF) since 1990. The UAE's Ministry of Climate Change and Environment issued a ministerial decision regarding the organisation of the passage and export of hazardous waste consignments across the UAE's borders. The ban includes the movement of hazardous waste by sea, land or air within the country without written permission from the ministry, which is in line with Basel Convention mentioned above.