Federal Supreme Council as per the UAE's Constitution
The Federal Supreme Council is the highest constitutional authority in the United Arab Emirates. It is also the highest legislative and executive authority that draws up general policies and approves various federal legislations.
As per Article 45 of the UAE's Constitution, the Federal Supreme Council is one of the five bodies that comprise the federal authorities of the UAE Government.
Articles 46 to 50 of the UAE's Constitution provide for the Council's formation and powers.
Formation of the Federal Supreme Council
The Supreme Council consists of the Rulers of all the emirates composing the Federation, or of their substitutes in the event of their absence or incapacity to attend.
Each emirate has a single vote in the deliberations of the Council.
Mechanism of the Federal Supreme Council's resolutions
The Supreme Council lays down its own regulations, including its work procedures and the method for voting on its resolutions. The deliberations of the Council are kept confidential.
It holds its sessions in the capital of the federation; however, it can hold its sessions in any other place agreed beforehand.
The Council establishes a general secretariat consisting of a sufficient number of officials to help it in performing its duties and functions.
A majority of five of its members makes resolutions of the Supreme Council on substantive matters, provided that such majority includes the vote of the emirates of Abu Dhabi and Dubai.
The minority shall abide by the opinion of the majority. However, resolutions of the Council on procedural matters are issued by a majority vote. Such matters are defined in the by-laws of the Council.