According to ITU, a smart sustainable city is an innovative city that uses information and communication technologies (ICTs) and other means to improve quality of life, efficiency of urban operation and services, and competitiveness, while ensuring that it meets the needs of present and future generations with respect to economic, social and environmental aspects.
The State of Play of Sustainable Cities and Buildings in the Arab Region-2017
The State of Play of Sustainable Cities and Buildings in the Arab RegionReport (PDF 26.19 MB) is a compilation of the main public policies, programmes, case studies, organisations and initiatives associated with sustainable city and building practices in twelve countries in the Arab region. Read about the UAE’s current situation with respect to sustainable cities from pages 79 to 86.
Abu Dhabi’s Economic Vision 2030 aims to shift the base of its economy from natural resources to knowledge, innovation and the export of cutting-edge technologies. This would result in the diversification of the economy by finding a number of new economic alternatives. A major step forward along this strategy is to develop a smart city.
Developing appropriate infrastructure, while preserving the environment, forms the third priority area in Abu Dhabi Economic Plan 2030. The Government will ensure the development of a professionally designed and well-managed urban environment in the emirate’s towns and cities, complete with world-class traffic and transport systems. Masdar City is one such example of a smart sustainable city, regionally and globally.
In 2006, Abu Dhabi initiated the planning of Masdar City. The master plan of Masdar included major components such as:
optimisation of solar energy through maximising efficiency gains
integration of all aspects of city life by providing minimal use of transportation
limiting height of construction and buildings
providing high quality of life in an efficient ecosystem and environmentally smart way.
Masdar Cityrepresents the first attempt in the Middle East to build a sustainable city. Masdar City aims to reduce the use of energy, water and generation of waste. It uses a combination of technology, architectural designs and solar power to run. Using minimum energy is one of its primary steps to conserve the environment.
For example, the use of low-flow showers and smart water metres ensure reduction of water wastage. The architecture of Masdar City ensures that streets and houses are cooler than they would be otherwise. In addition, the use of high-efficiency appliances conserves energy.
Masdar City houses the headquarters of International Renewable Energy Agency, an intergovernmental organisation that supports countries in their transition to a sustainable energy future.
Dubai Plan 2021 aims to make Dubai a smart and sustainable city. Dubai’s Smart City project adopts a strategy that calls for the transformation of about 1000 government services which focus on six key sectors namely: transportation, infrastructure, communications, economic services, urban planning and electricity. Dubai implemented many initiatives on the above six sectors, which fall under these categories:
open and easy access to data
optimising energy resources
smart parks and beaches
police smartphone apps
new master control room.
Another initiative for smart cities transformation in Dubai is to incorporate all government bodies and turn them into a single entity, in order to provide comprehensive services to customers in an easy and efficient manner. Currents projects within this initiative involve using smart applications and devices across three tracks:
Smart life, which deals with health, education, transport, communications, public utilities, and energy services
Smart economy, which deals with developing smart companies, port services, smart stock exchanges, smart jobs
Smart tourism, which deals with providing a smart and convenient environment for visitors to the emirate, including visa, flight, smart gates, and smart hotel services.
Following are some of the smart sustainable cities under construction or in function in Dubai.
The Sustainable City
The Sustainable City was recognised as the happiest community in GCC at the first Gulf Real Estate Awards instituted by the Dubai Land Department. The Sustainable City is implemented in DubaiLand. The mixed-use township runs on solar energy produced indigenously. The residences, offices and other properties are equipped with appliances that save energy. The township is car-free and features 10,000 trees and house organic farms.
Dubai Silicon Oasis
Silicon Park (SP) project articulates Dubai’s Plan 2021 to transform the emirate into a smart city. As of January 2016, Dubai Silicon Oasis (DSO) had succeeded in reducing cumulative energy consumption by 31 per cent exceeding the target set by Dubai Integrated Energy Strategy 2030 of 30 per cent. Read about DSO’s efforts in developing a fully integrated sustainable (PDF) and happy community through collaboration, innovation and technology.
Dubai South District
Dubai South District is the venue of Expo 2020. Sustainability is one of the themes of Expo 2020. Half of the electricity used by Expo during the event will come from wholly renewable sources, with half of this generated on the site itself. The vast majority of the material used in permanent construction on the site will be re-used in building infrastructure.
Desert Rose City
Desert Rose City will come up in the Al Ruwayyah area along the Dubai-Al Ain road. This too is a mixed-use property. Its design, in the shape of the desert rose flower, would help reduce electricity consumption. It will run on renewable energy that it will produce itself. It would also have a waste recycling facility. 20,000 residential units of Desert Rose City will be for Emiratis and 10,000 will be for expatriate residents.